The Roulette you have grown to love in the 21 st century looked very different a few hundred years back. There is an interesting history as well as mystical superstitions surrounding the game and its variations. Here’s a look at some interesting facts about Roulette that you have never known.
The game of Roulette originated in France way back in the 17th century when the famous mathematician and physicist - Blaise Pascal, invented a primitive form of the Roulette wheel. The wheel came about when Pascal was attempting to invent a perpetual motion machine. The word Roulette actually comes from the French meaning “small wheel”.
Later in the 18th century the Roulette wheel underwent some changes with the addition of elements from other games, namely the English games Roly-Poly, E.O. and Ace of Hearts as well as the Italian board games Hoca and Biribi. The game then became extremely popular in France and a few other European countries.
- An early description of Roulette can be found in a 1796 French novel, La Roulette, ou le Jour, by Jaques Lablee. The wheel is described as containing two of the bank’s numbers, 0 and 00.
- By the 19th century the game was already well established, appearing in casinos in U.S.A. and Monte Carlo. The European Roulette wheels were numbered 1-36 and featured both a 0 and 00 while some of the early American Roulette wheels were only numbered 1-28, had both 0 and 00, and an American Eagle pocket on the wheel. The Eagle was seen as a symbol of American liberty and was also a house slot that further increased the house-edge. That tradition, however, soon vanished.
- In 1842 two Frenchmen, François and Louis Blanc, introduced the Roulette wheel with the single zero instead of the usual 00. This was done in order to encourage greater casino patronage as it lowered the house-edge.
- There is a legend that says that François and Blanc sold their souls to the devil in exchange for all the secrets of Roulette. This legend is fuelled by the fact that the sum of all the numbers on a Roulette wheel total 666, also known as the number of the beast.
- The single ‘0’ pocket was introduced by the brothers François and Louis Blanc, who wanted to attract gamblers to their Hamburg casino by offering superior odds
- European roulette has much better odds than American roulette since the house edge is only 2.63%- compared to the American house edge of 5.26%
- All roulette wheels feature three colours in the slotted pockets. The numbers from 1-36 are in alternating red or black slots, and the 0 slots are green. These colours are repeated on the corresponding layout of the gaming table where the chips are placed
- Unlike many other popular casino games it is considered to be in bad taste to consume food or beverages while playing at Roulette tables
- Roulette is possibly the only casino table game where a tip for the dealer is considered obligatory
The information above is just an excerpt from the our comprehensive PDF Roulette for Beginners . If you want more practical knowledge of the game, like how to play and strategies and tips to increase your skill and understanding, give this quick, informative eBook a read.